This plant is reputed to be a treatment for various diseases and as a tonic and eye treatment.

In the Authors experience there is little evidence to support the claims made about it. However it has wide spread usage in all three eastern states.

It would be unwise to use this plant unless accompanied by an Elder.

No complete study has been conducted at this time.

The chemical composition is also unknown.

High iron content and is extremely common.

Seasonal indicator for spring.