Approx. 40 species. Occurs in this area but the main distribution is in Queensland.

Underground stem tips and berries are edible.

Important herb, condiment and source of starch.

There are only a handful of species here on the Mid-North Coast of N.S.W.

This plant features in Asian and European cooking and is often favoured over its Asian counterpart (Zinzingiber) pronunciation and spelling varies between regions.

Possesses a very colourful blue berry in this area which is also edible.

Berry colour and leaf structure vary with species.

One of only two known genuses that were farmed by Indigenous people. These plant colonies are still evident today. (Saltwater,Wallabi Point and Old Bar. N.S.W.)

Alpinia and Dioscoria (Yam) were companion plants and both are common.